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Expertise Profile

PositionSenior Lecturer
NameDr. William Pao King Soon
Phone+605 368 7012
NationalityMalaysia
Emailwilliam.paokings@petronas.com.my 
DepartmentMechanical Engineering
QualificationsPhD (Wales), BEng(Hons) (Wales) in Mechanical Engineering
SpecializationMultiphase Flow, Heat Transfer, Reservoir Geomechanics, Computational Mechanics, Finite Element Methods
ResearchCO2 Sequestration, Reservoir Geomechanics, Risk Assessement, Oil Shale, Hydrate, Hydraulic Fracturing, Wellbore modeling
ConsultancyWest Japan Engineering Inc; Bridge Foundry; NGI; Norsk Hydro; BP-AMOCO

Publications

No.Title of Publication
1Wong, MLD, Pao W (2010) A genetic algorithm for optimizing gravity die casting’s heat transfer coefficients. Expert Systems with Applications, ISSN: 0957-4174, 38(6):7076-7080 June 2011. DOI:10.1016/j.eswa.2010.12.063.
2Pao W, Wong WSH, Lai AMK (2008) An explicit drive algorithm for aiding the design of firing sequence in side-drive micromotor. Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering, ISSN 1069-8299, Wiley InterScience, UK, 24(12): 2131-2136. DOI: 10.1002/cnm.
3Pao W, Ransing RS, Lewis RW (2005) A new geometric reasoning technique for hot spot prediction in sand casting. IEEE ECTI Transaction on Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Communications, 4(1):34-38. ISSN: 1905-050
4Ransing RS, Sood MP, Pao W (2005) Computer implementation of Heuvers circle method for thermal optimisation in castings. International Journal of Cast Metals Research, ISSN 1364-0461, Maney Publishing, London, 18(2):119-128. doi:10.1179/136404605225022910
5Sim KY, Pao W, Lin C (2005) Metamorphic testing using geometric interrogation technique and its application. IEEE ECTI Transaction on Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Communications 4(1):39-42.
6RS Ransing, W Pao, C Lin, MP Sood and RW Lewis (2004) Enhanced medial axis interpolation algorithm and its application to hotspot prediction in a mould-casting assembly. International Journal of Cast Metal Research, ISSN 1364-0461, Maney Publishing, Londo
7RW Lewis, W Pao, XS Yang (2004) Instability and reaction-diffusion transport of bacteria. Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering, ISSN 1069-8299, Wiley InterScience, UK, 20(10): 777-787. DOI: 10.1002/cnm.718
8Lewis RW, Ransing RS, Pao W, Bonet J, Kulasegaram S, (2003) Recent developments in casting simulation based on optimisation methods, meshless methods and medial axis transformation. Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow, ISSN 0961-5539, Emerald Engine
9W Pao, RS Ransing, RW Lewis and C Lin (2004) A medial-axes-based interpolation method for solidification simulation. Finite Element in Analysis and Design, ISSN 0168-874X, Elsevier Science, 40: 577-593. DOI:10.1016/S0168-874X(03)00097-0
10Lewis RW, Pao W, Yang XS (2003). Finite element analysis and approximate estimation of the cross coupling effect in fractured reservoirs. Geophysics Research Letters, ISSN 1542-7390, American Geophysical Union, 30(14):1737-1741. doi:10.1029/2003GL017579.
11Lewis RW, Makurat A, Pao W (2003) Numerical Modelling of Seabed Subsidence and Reservoir Compaction of North Sea Oil Fields. Hydrogeology Journal – Thematic Issue, ISSN 1431-2174, Springer-Verlag, 11(1), 142-161. DOI: 10.1007/s10040-002-0239-z
12Pao W, Lewis RW (2002) Numerical Simulation of Three-Phase Flow in Deforming Three-Dimensional Fractured Reservoirs. Oil & Gas Science and Technology - Revue de l’IFP – Institut Francais du Petrole, ISSN 1294-4475, Editions Technip, 57(5), 499-514.
13Pao W, Lewis RW. (2002). Numerical Simulation of Three-Phase Flow in Deforming Three-Dimensional Fractured Reservoirs. Computer Methods in Mechanics and Engineering, ISSN 0045-7825, Elsevier Science, 191, 23-24, 2631-2659.
14Pao W, Lewis RW, Masters I (2001) A fully coupled hydro-thermo-poro-mechanical model for black oil reservoir simulation. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, ISSN 0363-9061, Wiley InterScience, 25, 1229-1256.
15Masters I, Pao W and Lewis RW (2000) Coupling temperature to a double porosity model of deformable porous media, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, ISSN 0029-5981, Wiley InterScience, 49, 421-438.
16Chen XH, Hicks MA, Pao W (2008) Unsaturated and isothermal constitutive model of shales: chemical transport. in Proc. 16th UK Conference of ACME Newcastle, ed. M. Rouainia, Newcastle University, ISBN 978-0-7017-0218-2
17Lee MH, Pao W (2008) Human resource accounting: awareness, implications and usefulness from Malaysian organisations’ perspectives. 1st Regional Conference on Human Resource Development (RESERD), Jan 14-16, Malaysia
18W Pao, S-W. Wong, Lewis RW (2007) Finite element solution of coupled chemo-poroelasticity, in Proc. 15th UK Conference of ACME Glasgow, B.H.V. Topping (Ed), Civil-Comp Press, Stirlingshire, UK. ISBN 978-1-905088-14-0
19Al-Gadhib AH, W Pao, Lewis RW (2007) A damage-based diffusivity model for moisture transport in cementitious media, in Proc. Fifteen UK Conference of ACME, B.H.V. Topping (Ed), Civil-Comp Press, Stirlingshire, UK. ISBN 978-1-905088-14-0
20Lewis RW, Postek EW, Gethin DT, Yang XS, Pao W, Lin C (2006) Numerical methods in simulation of industrial processes. Keynote Address at International Conference on Advances in Engineering and Technology (AET2006), Entebbe, Uganda, 16-19th July.
21Wong WSH, Pao W, Holiday D (2006) Novel model reference based controller for DTC induction motor drive. XV11 International Conference on Electrical Machines, Crete Island, Greece 2-5 Sept 2006.
22Wong WSH, Pao W, Holiday D (2006) Minimal controller synthesis adaptive control for direct torque controlled induction motor drives. First International Power and Energy Conference, Nov, p. 330-336, ISBN-1-4244-0273-5
23Wang SC, Pao W (2006) A working validation of English proficiency tests for small sample sizes. Abstract in Proceedings of International Education Conference, pg. 32, 14-16 Feb, Sunway Lagoon Resort Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
24Pao W, Yang XS and Lewis RW (2006) Analysis of logistic growth of bacteria transport in subsurface water. International Seminar on Civil and Infrastructure Engineering (ISCIE’06), 13-14 June MARA University of Technology, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
25Pao W, Wong WSH, Vakhguelt A (2006) A staggered partitioned algorithm for simulation of fully coupled non-isothermal deformable fractured geomaterial. International Seminar on Civil and Infrastructure Engineering (ISCIE’06), 13-14 June MARA University o
26Wong DML, Qu Y-C, Pao W (2006) Evolutionary optimization of heat transfer coefficients for gravity die casting. Proceeding of the International Conference on Modeling and Simulation 2006 in CDROM, Paper No. 178, 3-5 April, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ISBN 983
27Pao W, Lin C (2006) Extrusion die design using geometric interrogation technique. Proceeding of the International Conference on Modeling and Simulation 2006 in CDROM, Paper No. 2, 3-5 April, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ISBN 983-41728-3-4.
28Vakhguelt A, Pao W (2005) Mathematical model of finite amplitude wave propagation in chemically reactive aerosols. Proceeding of 2nd International Conference on Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering and 19th Symposium of Malaysian Chemical Engineers ICCBPE/
29Kee KK, Pao W, Tan JEH (2005) Adaptive and open-based model of mobile positioning technology used in e-Transport system. Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Information Technology in Asia 2005, Pp. 101-106, 12-15 Dec, Kuching, Sarawak, Malay
30Pao W, Lewis RW, Cuisiat F (2005) Modelling of fractured reservoirs integrating the aspects of geomechanics. Paper 06-006-05, Proceeding of the Brunei International Conference on Engineering and Technology, Pg. 11-20, 15-17 Aug., Bandar Seri Bergawan, Bru
31Yang XS, Pao W (2005) Inverse finite element analysis via adaptive forward modelling. Proceeding of the International Conference on Recent Advances in Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Paper No. 046, University of Malaya, Malaysia, 30-31 May. ISBN 983
32Pao W, Ransing RS, Lewis RW (2005) A new hybrid FE-geometric reasoning technique for casting simulation for gravity based casting. Proceeding of the International Conference on Recent Advances in Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Paper No. 014, May 30
33Pao W, Sim KY, Ransing RS, Lewis RW (2005) A new geometric reasoning technique for hot spot prediction in sand casting. Proceeding of the 2005 Electrical Engineering/Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications, and Information Technology (ECTI) Internationa
34Sim KY, Pao W, Lin C (2005) Metamorphic testing using geometric interrogation technique and its application., Proceeding of the 2005 Electrical Engineering/Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications, and Information Technology (ECTI) International Conferen
35Pao W (2005) Free surface tracking and heat transfer simulation in the tilt pouring process, Proceedings of Computational and Experimental Mechanics (CEM 2005), Pp. 75-88, 17-18 May, Malaysia National University, Bangi, Malaysia. ISBN 983-2975-41-7.
36Pao W, Wong WSH (2005) A fast interpolation algorithm for casting application using medial axes transform. Proceedings of Computational and Experimental Mechanics (CEM 2005), Pp. 181-190., 17-18 May, Malaysia National University, Bangi, Malaysia. ISBN 983
37Wong WSH, Pao W, Lai AMK (2005) Finite element modelling of electrostatic side-drive MEMS micromotor. Proceedings of Computational and Experimental Mechanics (CEM 2005), Pp. 373-380, 17-18 May, Malaysian National University, UKM, Bangi, Malaysia. [ISBN 98
38RW Lewis, Z Han, EW Postek, XS Yang, W Pao, DT Gethin, RS Ransing (2004) Application of numerical methods to simulation of industrial processes. Keynote lecture, South African Congress of Applied Mechanics, SACAM 2004, Johannesburg, 18-21 January
39KK Kim and W Pao (2003) Client/server model of interaction between industry foundary and university numerical solution for cast design. Proceeding of Engineering Technology, Pp.272-282, July, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. [ISBN 983-9257-34-X]
40RS Ransing, W Pao, RW Lewis (2003) Solidification and thermal stress simulation using medial objects. In Stefanescu DM et al. (ed.), Proc. 10th International Conference on modelling of casting, welding and advanced solidification processes: 369-376, Desti
41W Pao, MP Sood, RS Ransing, RW Lewis (2003) Versatile GUI solution for CAD/CAE FE Simulation Packages, in Wheel MA (ed.), Proc. 11st Annual Conference of the Association for Computational Mechanics in Engineering, 13-16, (University of Strathclyde, Scotla
42W Pao, XS Yang and RW Lewis (2003) A remark on the instability and travelling wave solutions of transport of pathogenic bacterial in random media, in Wheel MA (ed.) Proc. 11st Annual Conference of the Association for Computational Mechanics in Engineering
43Lewis RW, Ransing RS, Bonet J, Kulasegaram S, Pao W (2002) Recent developments in casting simulation based on optimisation methods, meshless methods and medial axis transformation. Paper ID 81669, Fifth World Congress on Computational Mechanics, Vienna Au
44Lewis RW and Pao W (2002) Invited Lecture: Multiphase double porosity simulation of a fractured deformable reservoir. Paper-ID 81317, Fifth World Congress on Computational Mechanics, Vienna Austria 7-12 July. ISBN 3-9501554-0-6.
45Cuisiat F, Pao W, Lewis RW (2002) Numerical simulation of three-phase flow in deforming three-dimensional fractured reservoirs. In Poromechanics II, eds. J.-L. Aurialut et al., A.A. Balkema, ISBN 90-5809-394-8, pp.403-406.
46Cuisiat F, Pao W, Lewis RW (2002) Numerical simulation of three-phase flow in deforming three-dimensional fractured reservoirs. 2nd Biot Conference on Poro-mechanics, Grenoble, France Aug 26-28.
47Pao W, Lin C, Sood MP, Ransing RS, Lewis RW (2002) A Medial Axis based interpolation tool-kit for an approximate estimation of casting temperature, in Bonet J et al. (ed.), Proc. 10th Annual Conference of the Association for Computational Mechanics in En
48Pao W, Lewis RW, Yang X, Masters I and Rees I (2002) The effects of cross coupling terms in double porosity model and its significant in fluid transport. International Conference on Modelling Flow in Oil Reservoirs, Cambridge Uni., Centre of Multiphase Fl
49Lewis RW, Pao W, Masters I. (2001) Aspects of Continuum Modelling of Multiphase poroelasticity and its application to North Sea Fields. Invited Lecture. First Asian Pacific Conference in Computational Mechanics, 559-566, Sydney Australia Nov 2001.
50Pao W, Lewis RW (2001) Numerical Simulation of Three-Phase Flow in Deforming Three-Dimensional Fractured Reservoirs. Invited Lecture. Workshop on “Geomechanics in Reservoir Simulation”, Institute Francais du Petrole, 6-7 Dec.
51Pao WKS, Lewis RW (2001), Numerical Solution of Three-Phase Flow in Deforming Three-Dimensional Fractured Reservoirs. ECCOMAS Computational Fluid Dynamics Conference, 4-7 Sept, Swansea, Wales UK. [ISBN 0-905-091-12-4]
52Cuisiat F, Kolderup UM, Koestler A, Onio LE, Pao W, Lewis RW (2000) Integration of Structural Reservoir Characteristics into Static and Transient Modelling of Fractured Reservoirs. 3rd Euroconference on THM, Bad Honnef, Germany, 14-18 Nov.
53Pao W, Masters I and Lewis RW (2000) Non-isothermal Double porosity model in a deforming porous media, in M. Cross (ed.), Proc. 8th Annual Conference of the Association for Computational Mechanics in Engineering, (University of Greenwich), 206-209 [ISBN 1
54Pao W, Masters I and Lewis RW (1999) Integrated Flow and Subsidence Simulation for Hydrocarbon Reservoir, in P. Bettes (ed.), Proc. 7th Annual Conference of the Association for Computational Mechanics in Engineering, (University of Durham), 175-178 [ISBN
55Pao W (2009) WM12 Stress Contour Project. Most Confidential Shell SIEP EP 2009-3256
56Pao W, Geilikman M (2008) Open System Geomechanics – Implementation and Validation. Most Confidential EP 2008-3223, Shell SEPCo, Unconventional Oil (UO), Houston.
57Pao W (2011) A Preliminary Workflow of Fast Probabilistic Geomechanics for Containment. Confidential Shell SIEP SR.11.10114.
58Pao W (2011) Evaluation of JewelSuite as Data Container for Geomechanics. GSNL-PTT/SDRM. Confidential Shell GSNL. SR.11.10393.
59Pau JS, Pao W (2013) A unified adaptive Fanger’s model for thermal comfort in Tropical Countries. International Conference on Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 29-30 Aug, Melaka. Also appeared in Applied Mechanics and Materials, 393:799-808.
60Yong LHP, Pao W, Hashim FM (2013) Fill removal in wellbore using coiled tubing. International Conference on Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 29-30 Aug, Melaka. Also appeared in Applied Mechanics and Materials, 393:861-871.
61Pao W, Chen XH, Lin C (2013) Optimization of Insulation Padding for Directional Solidification. Jour. Appl. Sci., 13(2):321-325
62Lai KS, W Pao (2013) Assessment of different matrix-fracture shape factor in double porosity medium. Jour. Appl. Sci., 13(2):308-314
63Sagu OL, W Pao (2013) In-situ stress perturbation due to temperature around borehole during carbon injection. Asian Jour. Appl. Sci., 6(1):40-49.
64Pau JS, Pao W, Kee KK (2013) A Modified Fanger’s Model for Malaysia Climate. 6th Engineering Conference,
65Khan JA, Pao W (2013) Fill Removal with Foam in Horizontal Well Cleaning in Coiled Tubing. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 6(14):2655-2661.